Parylene Coating Blog by Diamond-MT

Parylene Coating:  Does Thicker or Thinner Coating Provide Better Performance?

Posted by Sean Horn on Fri, May 25, 2018 @ 07:30 AM

          Parylene (XY) conformal coatings are known and recommended because of their many beneficial performance characteristics.  They provide uniform, pinhole-free protective films with excellent barrier/dielectric/insulative properties, able to conform to virtually any substrate configuration.  One property in particular – micron-thin coating layers – distinguishes XY from liquid coating materials such as acrylic (AR), epoxy (ER), silicone (SR) and urethane (UR), which need to be applied at least twice as thick in most cases and frequently more, limiting their range of uses.  Parylene typically is applied at 0.1 to 50 microns (0.004 -2 mils), while the thicknesses of liquid coatings generally range from 25 to 250 microns (1-10 mils).  Compared to liquid processes, gravity and surface tension generate negligible impact with parylene, eliminating film bridging, pinholes, puddling, run-off, sagging or thin-out during application.  XY’s coefficient of friction coefficient can be as low as 0.25 to 0.30.

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Tags: parylene thickness, conformal coating thickness, parylene properties, conformal coating properties

Conformal Coatings Thickness:  Comparing Parylene with Liquid Coatings

Posted by Sean Horn on Fri, May 18, 2018 @ 07:30 AM

          Of the five most commonly used conformal coatings, four – acrylic (AR), epoxy (ER), silicone (SR) and urethane (UR) – are classified as wet materials, meaning they are applied to substrates by three basic types of liquid-based technology:

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Tags: parylene thickness, conformal coating thickness, parylene properties, conformal coating properties

Parylene Effectiveness at Different Thicknesses

Posted by Sean Horn on Fri, May 04, 2018 @ 07:30 AM

          Each conformal coating material exhibits a range of unique performance properties that determine its product uses.  Relevant factors include the required coating-thickness necessary to assure reliable performance.  Like other coating types, parylene (XY) layer thickness is largely a function of several factors:  (1) substrate material, (2) the kind of assembly being covered, and (3) its operational purpose.  Chemically inert parylene is effective at far-thinner application thickness than liquid-applied materials for coating printed circuit boards (PCBs) and related electro assemblies: 

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Tags: parylene thickness, conformal coating thickness, parylene properties, conformal coating properties

How to Measure Conformal Coating Thickness

Posted by Sean Horn on Fri, Aug 19, 2016 @ 07:30 AM

Methods for Measuring Conformal Coating Thickness

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Tags: conformal coating, conformal coating thickness, conformal coating specifications

What if my Conformal Coating is Applied too Thick?

Posted by Sean Horn on Fri, Apr 29, 2016 @ 07:30 AM

Coating thickness is critical to the proper functioning of your printed wiring assembly, circuit board, or electronic device.

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Tags: conformal coating, conformal coating thickness, conformal coating removal

What is type XY conformal coating?

Posted by Sean Horn on Wed, Jan 09, 2013 @ 12:04 PM

Type xy conformal coating refers to parylene conformal coating.  Parylene gets the type xy from its’ full name, para-xylylene.   It was shortened to parylene and eventually type xy so that it could be grouped with the other conformal coatings (type ar, ur, etc.).

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Tags: parylene, parylene deposition, parylene conformal coating, conformal coating thickness, type xy

What is a good thickness for acrylic conformal coating?

Posted by Sean Horn on Mon, Jan 07, 2013 @ 10:57 AM

Acrylic conformal coatings, such as MG Chemicals 419C and Humiseal 1B31 are a very popular conformal coating choice.  They are used primarily for moisture protection on printed circuit boards.  Often times, they are the cheapest conformal coating to apply because of their easy to use nature.  As a result of this, people try to apply acrylic conformal coating as a DIY project.  An issue that arises frequently is an improper thickness of coating, resulting in lackluster protection.

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Tags: Diamond-MT, acrylic conformal coating, conformal coating thickness, type ar conformal coating

How thick should silicone conformal coating be applied?

Posted by Sean Horn on Tue, Oct 09, 2012 @ 06:51 AM

Silicone conformal coating is quickly becoming a very popular choice for conformal coating.  Many people are asking for silicone coating because of its excellent moisture resistance, quick drying nature, and high temperature capabilities.  It is also one of the easiest conformal coatings to work with.  In order for the coating to function at its optimum level, it has to be applied at the proper thickness.

Maintaining proper thickness for silicone conformal coating is critical because it is applied very thick compared to other conformal coatings.  If a coating is applied too thick, it may create excessive stresses on solder joints and components (particularly glass-bodied components).  If a coating is applied too thin, it may not reach the optimum properties described on the Technical Data Sheet.  For this reason, the IPC created the J-STD-001 to regulate and standardize the thickness that coatings are applied at.  For silicones, the J-STD-001 calls out 0.00197 to 0.00827 in.  Our operators strive to hit between .002” and .008” for silicone applications.

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Tags: conformal coating, conformal coating methods, conformal coating rework, silicone conformal coating, automated conformal coating robot, conformal coating thickness

Parylene and MEMS Technology

Posted by Sean Horn on Mon, Jun 18, 2012 @ 07:52 AM

In the past decade, the use of Parylene as a structural material in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices has attracted significant attention.  Parylene C, known for its biocompatibility, is widely used in implantable medical devices.  Parylene C is also compatible with MEMS microfabrication processes.

WHAT ARE MEMS?

Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) is the technology of very small devices; it merges at the nano-scale into nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and nanotechnology.  MEMS are made up of components between 1 to 100 micrometres in size (i.e. 0.001 to 0.1 mm), and MEMS devices generally range in size from 20 micrometres (20 millionths of a metre) to a millimetre (i.e. 0.02 to 1.0 mm). They usually consist of a central unit that processes data (the microprocessor) and several components that interact with the outside such as microsensors.

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Tags: parylene, parylene deposition, parylene conformal coating, parylene thickness, parylene C, conformal coating thickness, Parylene and MEMS, MEMS